Russia´s Information Campaign against Ukraine

Russia´s Information Campaign against Ukraine

NATO StratCom Center of Excellence released a report on the information war between Russian and Ukraine.
The paper´s title is "Analysis of Russia’s Information Campaign against Ukraine".
The report analyses Russia´s information campaign against Ukraine, covering the period from the 3rd Eastern Partnership Summit in Vilnius (28-29 November 2013) until the annexation of Crimea (16 March 2014). It refers also to some more recent, important examples of the information campaign relating to events such as the MH17 air tragedy.
The report identifies that Russia´s information campaign was central to Russia´s operations in Ukraine. The information campaign and related military action by Russia corresponds to the characteristics of a new form of warfare where the lines between peace and war, foreign military force and local self-defence groups are blurred and the main battle space has moved from physical ground to the hearts and minds of the populations in question. Crimea may be considered a test-case for Russia in trying out this new form of warfare where hybrid, asymmetric warfare, combining an intensive information campaign, cyber warfare and the use of highly trained Special Operation Forces, play a key role.
The crisis in Ukraine has provided valuable lessons for the Ukrainian government, the countries neighbouring Russia (whose Russianspeaking communities were enlarged as a result of Soviet-era policy), and NATO and the EU as organisations. 

The following are the general conclusions of the report: 
- Russia was prepared to conduct a new form of warfare in Ukraine where an information campaign played a central role;
- Russia´s narrative is largely based on historical memory;
- Crisis in Ukraine is a result of Russia´s long term strategy;
- The role of the Compatriots Abroad policy is critical and should be considered carefully in the future. The security implications for countries neighbouring Russia are particularly serious;
- There is "another side of the coin" to Russia´s information campaign;
- Deception is used by Russia as a tactic to distract and delay;
- Disinformation campaigns erode over time.
You can read the report here:

lunedì 26 gennaio 2015

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