Cyber-security Treaty

Cyber-security Treaty

Different interests among powerful states – stemming from different strategic priorities, internal politics, public-private relationships and vulnerabilities – will continue to pull the United States and European democracies at one end and China and Russia at another on how cyberspace should be used, regulated, and secured.
In fact, States disagree sharply over such issues as whether international laws of war and self-defense should apply to cyber attacks, the right to block information from citizens, and the roles that private or quasi-private actors should play in Internet governance.

One of the most contentious divergences concerns the definition of cybersecurity itself. While the United States, United Kingdom and their like-minded allies emphasize the protection of computer networks from damage and theft, Russia, China and their partners emphasize information security, which to them means controlling content and communication or social networking tools that may threaten regime stability.

In this article, Adam Segal and Matthew Waxman emphasize that the United States should prepare for deep international rifts over cyber-security norms, highlighting four components of its strategy:

1. Washington must continue to cultivate allies and like-minded partners through joint policy declarations;

2. The United States and some allies may have the right to respond militarily in self-defense under the laws of war to sufficiently severe cyber-attacks;

3. Dialogue with China, Russia and others should focus not on reaching legal agreement but on communicating redlines and developing confidence-building measures, recognizing that it may be difficult to determine immediately the source of attacks;

4. Success in shaping international norms depends in part on cultivating technical partnerships with developing states.

More here:
http://www.cfr.org/cybersecurity/why-cybersecurity-treaty-pipe-dream/p26325

venerdì 28 ottobre 2011
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