Shawn Henry, Executive Assistant Director of the FBI, talked in Baltimore at the Information Systems Security Association International Conference about the cyber threat, the challenges it presents, and some alternative ideas for mitigating it.
Different interests among powerful states – stemming from different strategic priorities, internal politics, public-private relationships and vulnerabilities – will continue to pull the United States and European democracies at one end and China and Russia at another on how cyberspace should be used, regulated, and secured.
In fact, States disagree sharply over such issues as whether international laws of war and self-defense should apply to cyber attacks, the right to block information from citizens, and the roles that private or quasi-private actors should play in Internet governance.
Owen Pengelly, Deputy Director of Policy at the Office for Cyber Security and Information Assurance in the Cabinet Office, said that a new cyber security strategy will be published in mid-November.
Cyber-warfare is no longer science fiction and the debate among policy-makers on what norms will guide behavior in cyber-space is in full swing. The United Nations (UN) is one of the fora where this debate is taking place and the focus of this paper. The activity at the UN over the course of the past decade exhibits an astonishing rate of norm emergence in cyber-space relative to typical international relations timelines.
Gen. Keith B. Alexander, Commander of U.S. Cyber Command and Director of National Security Agency/Central Security Service, speaks at the GEOINT 2011 Symposium.