The Pentagon has developed a list of cyber-weapons and cyber-tools, including viruses, that can sabotage an adversary’s critical networks, to streamline how the United States engages in computer warfare, a senior military official said to the Washington Post.
Communications are critical to everyday life. Governments, businesses, military, all rely on communications. Moreover, information collected and collated from intercepted diplomatic, military, commercial and financial communications offers potential competitors an advantage on the negotiation table or battlefield.
In its 2010 annual report, the General Intelligence and Security Service (AIVD) states that there is a serious risk of digital attacks on electronic networks in the country and that these attacks are expected to increase in number. It is therefore important that essential systems are adequately protected and that espionage and large-scale system failure can be prevented.
In April of this year Russian Federal Service for Telecoms Supervision, announced a public tender for developing Internet monitoring system. According to the tender, the budget for such system is 15 million rubles (about $530,000). the system needs to be developed by August 15, 2011 and the testing period should end on December 15, 2011.
In this paper, Desmond Ball, Professor in the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre at the Australian National University of Canberra, goes in "defence" of China, arguing that the international threat posed by state-sponsored Chinese cyberspies is not nearly as serious as it´s generally thought to be.